We understand your concerns about water damage: it’s a frequent cause of loss, and will probably become more frequent with ongoing climate change. Still, if you take some of the steps outlined below and put an emergency plan in place, you can significantly reduce the chances that water damage will interrupt your business or cause costly repairs.
Depending on the type of roof your building has, you need to take certain precautions to protect your residence against water getting inside.
Is your flat roof in good condition? Inspect the roof at least twice a year, in the spring and fall. Make sure the perimeters around all openings are still fully sealed. Also pay special attention to any areas where the gravel, granules or other coverings have been washed away, depending on the type of roofing. Finally, watch for any swelling, cracks, bubbles or other anomalies like damaged or missing shingles. If you are not comfortable with climbing onto the roof yourself, hire an expert to do the inspection for you.
Sloped roof or combination
Sloped roofs need special care. They are particularly prone to damage during mid-winter or spring thaws. If there are any damages or if there are warning signs such as ice dams on the roof or dampness inside, call in a roofing specialist to identify the problem and recommend the most appropriate solutions.
Lifespan of a roof
Is your roofing material showing wear and tear? The older the roof, the higher the risk of leaks. If it’s been a long time since you had your roof redone, keep a close watch and plan on repairing or replacing it in the near future. Here is a table of suggested lifespans for some of the more common roofing materials used in our climate.
|MOST COMMON ROOFING MATERIALS||LIFESPAN|
|Asphalt shingles||20 years|
|High-quality materials – Composite shingles, tiles or membranes||50 years|
|Tar & gravel – Main component is bitumen (asphalt)||20 years|
|Metal – Metal tiles or shingles||50 years|
|Other – Cedar shingles||20 years|
Windows and other openings
Any opening needs to be checked frequently. A close look around the edges of attic windows and skylights, from both inside and outside, will tell you a lot about the state they’re in and the chances of leakage. If there is any sign of dampness or mould, either in units or common areas, water seepage is a very likely cause. Keep an eye out!
The plumbing is one of the most important systems in your building to check. Here are some good tips:
- Do periodic visual inspections of pipes, drains, taps and fixtures like toilets, showers, baths and sinks.
- Keep a constant lookout for any leaks from water heaters, dishwashers, washing machines humidifiers, sump pumps and other appliances.
- Install a water detection and automatic shut-off system to prevent water damage inside your building.
- Be sure to take appropriate steps ahead of the cold weather to avoid freezing of pipes.
- Mark water supply pipes clearly to make them easy to find in an emergency.
- Check that water is draining properly away from the basement and the outside of the building.
- Be sure the drainage hoses from appliances such as the washer, dishwasher and refrigerator are made of flexible metal and have been connected by a certified professional.
- Use a sump pump with a backup power supply.
What is a water detection and shut-off system?
A water detection – or leak detection – system can prevent water damage caused by plumbing fixtures or pipes. Sensors are installed in strategic areas of the home such as water lines, sprinklers and major appliances. When a sensor detects water, it sends a signal to the alarm panel and the monitoring station alerts the customer to the problem. Some systems even come with an automatic water shut-off valve to minimize the damage.
Large accumulations of water outside the building can also have serious repercussions. Don’t take chances!
- Keep nearby storm sewer grates clear of leaves and debris.
- Disconnect downspouts draining directly into the sewer system and redirect them at least 2 metres away from building foundations.
- Check downspouts to ensure water is draining properly from the roof.
- Make sure the lot is graded to aid drainage away from the foundation walls.
A water heater that is more than ten years old is more prone to leaks. And the damage can be worse than in other types of leaks because of the water pressure inside the tank.
Another problem with hot water tanks is that there is often no sign of deterioration until it’s too late. As your water heater approaches the end of its 10-year lifespan, plan on getting it replaced by a certified plumber within two years. You can also reduce risk by taking the following precautions:
- Check whether there are floor drains near the water heater.
- Install drip pans connected to a drain, for water heaters installed on any level above the basement.
- Make sure at least the first 18 inches of the hot water line are copper pipe.
This document is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as being advice or exhaustive. Intact Insurance makes no representation, warranty or guarantee that use of this information will prevent damage or reduce your premium. Your insurance contract prevails at all times, please consult it for a complete description of coverage and exclusions. Certain conditions, restrictions and exclusions apply.